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Needle Roller Bearing

Needle roller bearings use needle rollers as their rolling elements rather than balls. The term "needle roller" usually means that its length is several times its diameter.

Needle roller bearings have a smaller cross-sectional height and could keep the entire machine lighter and more compact, thus maintaining a relatively high load carrying capacity. The key components are the cage (also known as the separator or support) and the needle rollers.

Needle roller and cage assembly can be mounted directly as a stand-alone accessory, or they can be used in conjunction with other parts, inner and outer rings, to form complete needle roller bearings that can be used as stand-alone bearing support mounts.



Needle Roller And Cage Assembly

Needle roller and cage assembled in one unit. In applications where the shaft and housing bore can be used as a track, the needle roller and cage assembly can be used in bearing configurations where only minimal radial space is required.

Drawn Cup Needle Roller Bearing

Drawn cup needle roller bearings are typically used in applications where the housing bore cannot be used as a track for the needle roller and cage assembly, but where a very compact and economical bearing arrangement is required. These bearings are mounted in the housing with a tight interference fit.

Machined Needle Roller Bearing

It is a bearing with low section height and large load rating. The bearing consists of an inner ring, outer ring, cage and needle roller assembly with or without an inner ring, and the inner ring that can be mounted separately. The cage is used to guide a large number of needle rollers in a fixed track for rotational.

Combined Needle Roller Bearing

Combined needle roller bearings are a combination of a radial bearing and a thrust bearing, they are compact and very economical and can carry both radial and axial loads.

Needle Roller Bearing Advantages

  • Because of the small radial cross section of needle roller bearings, they are very suitable for working conditions where the mounting space is small

  • Optimized needle roller and raceway shape design, so that the bearing has a higher radial load capacity

  • High precision needle roller bearings can obtain high running accuracy


Needle Roller Bearing Types

The rolling elements of needle roller bearings are a kind of cylindrical rollers, very slender (the length of the roller is 3-10 times the diameter, and the diameter is generally not greater than 5mm), so the radial structure is compact. When its inner diameter and load capacity are the same as other types of bearings, its radial section is the smallest, especially suitable for the shafting design with limited radial installation dimensions. According to different applications, needle roller bearings without inner ring or needle roller and cage assembly can be selected. At the same time, the journal surface and seat hole surface matching the bearing are directly used as the inner and outer rolling surfaces of the bearing. In order to ensure that the load capacity and running performance are the same as the bearing with races, the hardness, machining accuracy and surface quality of the raceway surface of the shaft or housing hole should be similar to the raceways of the bearings with rings. This kind of bearing can only bear radial load.

Generally speaking, needle roller bearings can be divided into several types: needle roller and cage assembly, drawn cup needle roller bearing, machined needle roller bearing and combined needle roller bearing.


The Installation of Needle Roller Bearing

The installation of full complement needle roller bearings is usually carried out using auxiliary sleeves. At this time, the auxiliary roller or auxiliary sleeve supports the needle roller to prevent it from falling out, and the journal raises the needle roller with its own chamfer. As the needle bearing moves inward on the journal, the auxiliary roller or the auxiliary sleeve will withdraw slowly until it is installed in the working position. The outer diameter of the auxiliary roller and auxiliary sleeve should be 0.1-0.3mm smaller than the shaft diameter. When installing, first coat the inner surface of the bearing outer ring with grease, stick the needle roller close to the inner surface (there should be a gap when inserting the last needle), and then use the auxiliary roller instead of the journal or inner ring of the bearing. Or push the auxiliary sleeve into the inscribed circle composed of needle rollers, and align its end face with the end face of the mounting shaft or the end face of the inner ring of the bearing that has been installed on the shaft, and then tap it with a press or a hand hammer to apply pressure. Needle roller bearings can also be installed in this way, that is, apply a thin layer of lubricating oil to the outer diameter of the auxiliary sleeve and insert it into the outer ring of the bearing, so that the outer diameter of the auxiliary sleeve and the outer ring raceway of the bearing form an annular space, and then install needle rollers in the annular space. After the needle roller is installed, use the working shaft to push out the auxiliary sleeve. For needle roller bearings without inner ring or outer ring, during installation, first apply a thin layer of grease to the rolling surface of the shaft or housing hole, and place the needles on the grease at the installation site in turn. There should be a gap when placing the last needle. On the circumference of the needle bearing, it is not advisable to squeeze the last needle in, or miss one needle, because the bearing will be stuck and unable to rotate during hard squeezing; when there is needles missing, the gap will be too large, which will easily cause the needle rollers to twist and break when the it is running. For needle roller bearings with a stamped outer ring, they are not allowed to be hammered and installed because of the extremely thin outer ring wall, and the needles should be pressed in by pressing machine. Because the pressure is uneven when hitting by the hand hammer, it is easy to cause locally deformation of the outer ring of the needle roller bearing.

Applications of Needle Roller Bearing


Steering and seating systems in automobilesMotorcyclesAgricultural equipment
Electronics productionElectric machineryMachine tools


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